The guards of the Landsberg/Kaufering concentration subcamp complex consisted of SS members. Members of the Wehrmacht and air force were also assigned to serve in the camps.

An accordionist sings for SS officers in Solajütte, outside Auschwitz. Among those in the first row stands Otto Moll, the last Camp Commandant of Camp II. Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Anonymous Donor

They included the so-called “Volksdeutsche” (ethnic Germans), who, despite having been born and raised in other nations, were recruited into the National Socialists’ military associations for the spirit of their policy of conquest and Germanisation. If they had not already worked as guards in other camps, they sometimes received training in the OT camps surrounding Landsberg. It was not unusual for SS members to provide services in several camps, supporting with the transport of prisoners and continuing their service in the new camps.

The individual camps also comprised a Report Leader, a Labour Service Leader and a Camp Leader. The latter was subordinate to the SS Commander, who led the entire concentration subcamp complex.

Until the end of April 1945, a total of four SS Commanders presided over the camp complex: Chief Major of the SS Heinrich Georg Forster from June 1944 to September 1944, Major of the SS Walter Adolf Langleist from September 1944 to November 1944, Major of the SS Hans Aumeier from November 1944 to January 1945 and Major of the SS Otto Förschner from February 1945 to April 1945. In turn, they were subordinate to the Commander of Dachau concentration camp.

The majority of Camp Leaders and the four concentration camp Commanders had already gained experience in concentration camps and subcamps, and had proven to their superiors that they were “suitable” for this leadership role.

Dr Max Blancke was the SS Camp Physician for all Kaufering camps.